Pismo Beach St. Anthony Celebration Procession and Sopas - August 15, 2010
By Effie McDermott ( Special thanks to Dee Gonsalves, Dorothy Avila, Director of the Pismo Beach St. Anthony Celebration,
Father Victor of St Paul the Apostle church, and Pismo Beach Police Sergeant Dave Cooley for his essay on festa traditions.)
The Portuguese from the San Joaquin Valley took an early liking to Pismo Beach and came in such numbers that it was nicknamed ‘the Portuguese Palm Springs’. Bringing their traditions with them, they soon began to lay the foundation for one of their most celebrated festas, The Feast of St. Anthony of Padua, native of the Lisbon, Portugal. The first St. Anthony celebration in Pismo Beach was in 1956. The Pismo Beach Brotherhood of St. Anthony, Council No. 39, formed under the leadership of president Frank Lopes and was made up of members of the Portuguese community from Pismo Beach and numerous towns in the San Joaquin Valley. In 1958, the group incorporated as the ‘St. Anthony Celebration of Pismo Beach’.
Each year the procession begins near the beach and marches through the streets of downtown Pismo Beach to St. Paul the Apostle church on Bello Street. Following mass at the church, everyone is invited to the St. Anthony grounds for sopas. The parade leaves the church and continues in formation to the festa grounds at the end of Bello Street. Sopas is the traditional dish of the Feast of St. Anthony. It is a stew of beef and cabbage served in large family style bowls with large hunks of bread.
The tradition of feeding all who are hungry commemorates the feeding of the hungry by Queen Isabel of Portugal who provided food to her people in times of need in the 14th century. She is said to have left her crown on the altar of a procession, giving thanks to the Holy Ghost for intervening to save her people. Azoreans commemorate her charity by carrying her eight-sided crown aloft in their annual procession. In another version of the tradition, she is said to have placed her crown on a peasant girl, which is the basis of the tradition of girls from each community being selected to be queens of the festivities. The president of the council now customarily selects the queen.
Three types of festas are practiced in Portuguese communities and the cape of each queen represents the type of festa her community embraces. Some capes cost many thousands of dollars to make and are works of art that are passed down as treasures within the family. St. Anthony festacapes will be adorned with images of St. Anthony, lilies or the baby Jesus, and in colors associated with Franciscan robes such as peach, tan or brown. The Our Lady festa cape is in honor of Our Lady of Fatima and will likely be blue to represent the heavens from which Our Lady of Fatima appeared, and will have images of the Blessed Mother. The Pentecost or I.D.E.S. festa cape will have symbols that represent the Holy Spirit or Queen Isabel, most being red or white and having doves, roses or the crown of the Holy Spirit. This is from the tradition that Queen Isabel had a mean husband who wanted to starve the people. When he caught her taking food under her cape to the people, the contents under her cape miraculously turned into roses, although it was in the cold of winter. I.D.E.S stands for Irmandade do Divino Espirito Santo, Brotherhood of the Divine Holy Spirit.
Each queen is accompanied by her court, council officials, and in many cases a marching band. The outgoing queen leads the procession, followed by dozens of visiting queens. The new queen and her court conclude the procession. The following year this new queen and her attendants will lead, as the next new queen and court follow in last position. The queen may be crowned at a ceremony the night before, as she currently is in Pismo Beach, or she may be crowned during the procession. In the latter case, as the procession approaches the church, the visiting queens stand aside and leave an aisle down the middle of the street for the new queen and her court to pass through. The past queen surrenders the crown, and the priest crowns the new queen at the church.
Before the festa grounds on Bello Street were acquired, sopas was served at the Lion’s Club on Addie Street. Vats of sopas are cooked at the festa grounds to feed the participants of the parade and all who wish to join in the feast. In addition to the parade on Sunday morning and the sopas dinner Sunday afternoon, dancing and ceremonies are held throughout the weekend and continue to Monday. Auctions and fundraising activities accompany the dinner, in order to help continue the tradition for another year. In the San Joaquin Valley, some festas also have bloodless bullfights, which have all the pomp and excitement of bull fighting, but merely humiliate the bull by tagging him with Velcro©-tipped spears that stick to a Velcro collar, -- invented by the Portuguese for this sport.
The 2010 Pismo Beach St. Anthony Celebration procession is expected to be the largest in the state.